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Best Brain Supplements for Adults

By Dr. Ramon Velazquez Ph.D. | |

Brain supplements today are big business. The best brain supplements offer adults a safe and effective way to improve fopcus, productivity and learning while supporting better brain health. Read on to learn about the best brain supplements for adults.

The ancient Greek playwright Aeschylus once wrote: 

“Old men are always young enough to learn with profit.” ...Which roughly means, “If you’re always learning, you’re always young.”

Of course, up to a certain point, learning becomes less and less a matter of choice and more a matter of capacity.

The brain, in both its infinite wisdom and infinite frustrations, sometimes refuses to play ball, which is why we must often coax it with brain healthy nootropics.

After all, many of the most successful people in life stay successful by never losing their curiosity and their willingness to continue learning new things.

So, for those whose curiosity remains intact well enough into adulthood, the question often asked is:

  • “How can I keep my brain healthy enough to continue learning?”
  • Our answer: with nootropics!

In this article, we cover the Best Brain Supplements for Adults, as well as a few tips on how to keep your adult brain young and active.

The Beginner’s Guide to the Adult Brain

The adult brain, as opposed to the adolescent brain, is as wonderful as it is frustrating.

Ever felt like, despite the ambitious contents of your thoughts, your brain’s stubbornness and whimsical emotions are holding you back?

It’s almost as if the brain is taunting us to put ourselves out there in the world to achieve success... 

...only the pull the rug from beneath us with relentlessly negative emotions (e.g., anxiety, depression) and impulsive cravings.

Fortunately, there are ways we can gain better control over our brain.

But before diving into all of that, let’s first figure out when the brain officially grows up.

When Does the Brain Fully Mature?

In other words, when does the brain start adulting?

In many countries the legal age of adulthood begins when you turn 18 years old. 

However, the actual criteria of full-blown adulthood has been a matter of ongoing debate - both in terms of legality and physiology.

This isn’t a trivial debate, as the question of adulthood pertains to human rights.

At which life stage are we mature enough to be deemed intellectually, physically, and socially accountable for our actions?

If we’re going by what clinical research says about brain development and maturation, cognitive adulthood begins somewhere during our mid-20’s on average.[1]

The factors that affect variability in adolescent maturation of the brain include[2]:

  • Diet
  • Sleep Habits
  • Exercise
  • Drug Use
  • Sex Habits
  • Heredity
  • Environment
  • Sex Hormones
  • And More…

After reaching full brain maturity, structurally speaking, the name of the brain game goes from “development” in adolescence to “maintenance” in adulthood.

And this increasingly becomes the case as you begin to experience the downsides of age-related cognitive decline.

Symptoms of Age-Related Cognitive Decline

Once the brain is fully matured, we briefly enjoy the view atop the hill of life...

...after which we begin our downward slope, the age-related cognitive decline, as marked by the following symptoms:

  • Confusion and Foggy Thinking
  • Poor Motor Coordination
  • Emotional Imbalance
  • Impaired Short- and Long-Term Memory
  • Impaired Judgment

Take note: age-related cognitive decline is normal.

Everyone experiences various (if not all) symptoms of cognitive decline in their later years.

However, this doesn’t mean that there aren’t also natural and healthy ways to protect against age-related cognitive decline—to keep the brain young, so to speak.

Five Ways to Keep The Adult Brain Young

Despite the brain’s infinite wisdom and infinite frustrations, the brain’s a fairly simple organ to take care of, generally speaking.

While this doesn’t necessarily apply to everyone reading this, as the brain does maintain the right to mysteriously bug out on us every once in a while, there are a few daily habits we can adopt to keep the brain young and healthy, such as:

1) Stimulate Your Mind

In our hypermediated world, navigating our media environment can be difficult. 

Especially given that much of our media has been intentionally designed to influence us - to mentally shutdown and unconsciously allow our media environment to fulfill our needs for mental stimulation - as opposed to us consciously self-fulfilling these needs.

Stay conscious. Read challenging literature, learn unfamiliar topics, play puzzling brain games (e.g., Sudoku).

Research suggests that even computer games have the potential to improve cognitive and emotional performance among adults.[3] But even (and perhaps especially) with video games.

2) Stay Physically Active

Obviously, exercise is important to your general health and wellbeing.

For many of us, the suggestion to “be more physically active” doesn’t need much explaining. It likely looms over our heads like a disapproving judge, as we eat chips and watch Netflix for hours on end.

But physical activity isn’t only important to physical health but cognitive health as well.

As research demonstrates, exercise significantly impacts synaptic plasticity in the dentate gyrus, a brain region that’s critical to memory and learning.[4]

For maximum performance across both body and mind, a consistent exercise schedule is a must.

3) Get Better Sleep

Like exercise, the recommendation to get better sleep is one that doesn’t need much explaining.

We know that we need sleep to stay healthy and, thus, we know that getting better sleep means living a healthier lifestyle.

Even so, many of us still consistently operate on suboptimal sleep levels, indicating that we don’t quite understand how serious a lack of sleep can be to our health.

While older adults require less sleep than the young whose brains and bodies are still in development,[5] maintaining good sleep in adulthood promotes better cognitive function and helps protect against age-related cognitive decline.[6]

4) Limit Stress

A healthy amount of daily stress, such as that associated with exercise, is critical to encouraging synaptic plasticity and continued brain growth.

However, excess or chronic stress can be significantly harmful to cognitive health, performance, and longevity.

As a positive adaptive measure to stressors, the stress response may also develop into a maladaptive state under conditions of chronic stress.

Research suggests that: “the same networks mediating neuroendocrine, autonomic, and behavior processes during adaptive coping also comprise targets of the effects of repeated stress exposure in the development of maladaptive states.”[7]

One such consequence of excess stress is impaired brain plasticity.

5) Take a Natural Brain Supplement

Alongside exercise and sleep is the importance of a healthy, whole-food diet.

No doubt that, thanks to today’s modern food processing technologies and strategies, much of our food has been totally sapped of its nutrients.

With our diet’s increasingly low nutrient densities and our workplaces’ highly competitive environments, the rise of natural brain supplements makes perfect sense.

However, the emphasis on natural here is important...

...Because synthetic brain boosters, such as prescription stimulants, are also on the immense rise.

Yet, synthetic brain boosters lack the long-term health and longevity benefits of natural nootropics and health supplements - quite the opposite, in fact.

With a natural brain supplement, adults may help replenish their diet’s nutrition and optimize their cognitive performance for an all-around healthier lifestyle.

A group of adults in a business presentation performing better with brain supplements

What to Look for in a Top Brain Supplement For Adults

Regardless of the chosen ingredients for a formula, the five basic measures of a good brain health supplement are:

  • Quality: are the ingredients potent and bioavailable?
  • Quantity: are the ingredients clinically dosed?
  • Transparency: are the dosages individually shown?
  • Safety: are the ingredients safe for daily, long-term use?
  • Affordable: does the price match the value?

After making sure that these basic criteria are met, the next step is to then make sure that the chosen ingredients are the best for boosting brain health and performance.

Admittedly, this may involve a substantial amount of personal research and trial-and-error, but we’ve done some of the work for you by listing a few of the Best Brain Supplements for Adults below, starting with:

Mind Lab Pro® Nootropics for Adults

To tackle adult-sized problems, you need adult-sized nootropics.

Though many of Mind Lab Pro®’s cognitive enhancers may also significantly benefit even adolescent brain health and performance, their brain-powering benefits naturally appeal to the busy adults who are tired of feeling tired.

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Some of the best Mind Lab Pro® nootropics for adults include:

Citicoline (Cognizin®)

The best brain-energizing cholinergic linked to multiple cognitive enhancing benefits.

Compared to other nootropic cholinergics (choline donors), Citicoline is easily the best, thanks to this nootropic’s combined use of:

  • Choline: the precursor to phosphatidylcholine and acetylcholine, the neurotransmitter associated with memory, learning, and high-order cognition;
  • Cytidine: the precursor to uridine, a nucleoside compound associated with synaptic plasticity and ATP energy production.

Altogether, the primary cognitive benefits of supplementing citicoline include enhanced brain energy, brain regeneration, neurotransmitter status, brain circulation, and neuroprotection.

One key study on Cognizin® brand of citicoline conducted a metanalysis on the entire database of clinical studies performed with this compound.

After reviewing the research, the researchers found sufficient evidence in support of “the multiple biological actions of citicoline in restoring both the cell lipid structures and some neurotransmitter functions.”[8]

More on Mind Lab Pro® Citicoline here.

Phosphatidylserine (Sharp-PS® Green)

A key phospholipid required to synthesize and maintain brain cell membrane structure, integrity, and fluidity.

As a phospholipid involved in the cell membrane bilayer, Phosphatidylserine (PS) is more than a nootropic. It’s a life-essential compound that’s incredibly important to not only enhanced cognition but cognition in general.

While the general brain support benefits of PS range from brain cell formation and function, the nootropic advantages of this phospholipid seem to particularly benefit:

  • Short- and Long-Term Memory Performance
  • Learning and Recall
  • Clarity, Mood, Concentration, and Focus
  • Resistance to Age-Related Memory Deficits

Impressively, the benefits aren’t limited to cognitive performance.

One study on the effects of PS supplementation on exercise performance found that PS helps reduce the cortisol (stress hormone) response to overtraining while improving subjective feelings of muscle soreness.

The researchers suggested that even “short-term supplementation with [phosphatidylserine] improved exercise capacity during high-intensity cycling and tended to increase performance during intermittent running […].”[9]

More on Mind Lab Pro® Phosphatidylserine here.


A fast-acting, stress-relieving amino that replenishes catecholamines lost to stress and intense brain activity.

Under conditions of heightened stress, intense brain activity, or sleep deprivation, L-Tyrosine levels in the brain diminish as the body synthesizes its tyrosine reserves into dopamine, norepinephrine, epinephrine—i.e., attention-promoting catecholamines.

As such, L-tyrosine is a truly effective performance enhancer, one that comes in clutch when performance matters the most.

Whether it’s during a stressful presentation after a late night of preparation or during the final minutes of intense athletic competition, L-tyrosine can help.

For those who work in a highly distracting multi-tasking environment, L-tyrosine seems particularly effective at sustaining competitive cognition and composure.

One interesting study suggests that “tyrosine may sustain working memory when competing requirements to perform other tasks simultaneously degrade performance […].”[10]

More on Mind Lab Pro® L-Tyrosine here.

Best Brain Supplements for Adults

A bottle of Mind Lab Pro

What’s the best place to start your adult career? Mind Lab Pro®.

Targeting all the key brain bio-pathways involved in enhancing cognition, Mind Lab Pro®’s unique Universal Nootropic® works for everyone—i.e., universally.

However, as we age, the problems with both brain and body performance continue to pile up.

And so, with that in mind, to further improve and protect your brain well into adulthood, there are other brain healthy supplements worth stacking with Mind Lab Pro®.

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Alongside Mind Lab Pro®, here are the Best Brain Supplements for Adults:

Performance Lab® Mind

A bottle of Performance Lab Mind

Ultramodern nootropic blend for daily mental recovery and brain health support.

As an all-natural nootropic for greater brainpower, brain health, and burnout resistance, Performance Lab® Mind is one of the best ways to start the day.

Focus, speed, energy, attention, mood, memory, motivation - thanks to a smart formula design, the cognitive benefits of Performance Lab® Mind are many, ranging from fast-acting performance boosts to long-lasting cerebral support.

To Buy, Visit:

To better understand how this nootropic stack assists with adult cognitive health and performance, let’s take a closer look at the ingredients.

Performance Lab® Mind Formula Analysis

The Supplement Facts for Performance Lab® Mind include:

  • Cognizin® Citicoline, 250mg
  • Sharp-PS® Green (Phosphatidylserine), 100mg
  • Ajipure® L-Tyrosine, 250mg
  • Maritime Pine Bark Extract (Pinus pinaster), 75mg

For total brain health coverage, many nootropic enthusiasts stack multiple brain health supplements to cover all brain bio-pathways.

However, no matter how you customize your brain health supplement stack, you always need a foundational nootropic supplement.

With citicoline, phosphatidylserine, L-tyrosine, and maritime pine bark extract, Performance Lab® Mind delivers one of the best foundations for daily brain boosts and recovery.

Ever heard the recommendation to add more choline to your diet if you’re experiencing headaches or foggy thinking with your nootropics?

The reason for this is because many nootropics increase the brain’s cholinergic demands.

And without an additional source of choline, such as Performance Lab® Mind’s citicoline, those brain boosters may ultimately impair (not enhance) cognition.

In addition to supplying this powerful cholinergic, Performance Lab® Mind also enhances catecholaminergic activities, cerebral circulation, and cell-to-cell communication with L-tyrosine, maritime pine bark extract, and phosphatidylserine, respectively.

If you can do more with less, always go less.

By accomplishing so much with such a simple formula, Performance Lab® Mind shows that, despite (or perhaps because of) all the complexities of adult life, keeping it simple is still the best way to go.

How to Take Performance Lab® Mind

The directions for Performance Lab® Mind suggest that you:

Take 1-2 capsules of Mind with your first meal of the day, preferably with a source of dietary fat such as Performance Lab® MCT [see below] or coconut oil to assist with absorption of Mind’s phospholipid nutrients. For best results use daily and consistently.

Who Takes Performance Lab® Mind?

Students, athletes, student-athletes, professionals, gamers, competitors of all lifestyles—really, anyone looking to gain a mental edge across all performance-driven aspects of cognition may benefit by taking Performance Lab® Mind. What’s more, if you’ve made the adult decision to remove caffeine from your diet, Mind’s stim-free formula works without any stimulatory side effects.

Where to Buy Performance Lab® Mind?

To buy Performance Lab® Mind, visit here.

Performance Lab® Stim

A bottle of Performance Lab Stim

The caffeine 2.0 pill that packs natural caffeine with replenishing aminos and vitamins.

Though many of us would like to remove caffeine from our diets, we don’t actually want to remove caffeine from our diets.

Rather, if given the choice, we’d prefer to continue enjoying the benefits of caffeine. Just without caffeine’s less enjoyable side effects, such as the jitters and the post-energy crash.

For the adults looking for a better approach to feeling the feel-good effects of caffeine there’s Performance Lab® Stim, a “Caffeine 2.0” pill that combines the uber-popular caffeine + L-theanine combo with nootropic L-tyrosine and B-vitamins to further counterbalance caffeine’s stimulatory effects.

To Buy, Visit:

If you’re new to the caffeine + L-theanine stack, continue reading to learn how Stim elevates this duo with this clean, yet powerful stim stack.

Performance Lab® Stim Formula Analysis

The Supplement Facts for Performance Lab® Stim include:

  • NutriGenesis® Caffeine Balance B-Complex
    • Riboflavin+ (Vitamin B2), 500mcg
    • Vitamin B6+, 750mcg
    • Folate+ (Vitamin B9), 167 mcg DFE
    • Vitamin B12+, 2mcg
  • Natural Caffeine (from Coffea robusta seeds), 50mg
  • Suntheanine® L-Theanine, 100mg
  • Ajipure® L-Tyrosine, 250mg

Similar to Performance Lab® Mind, Performance Lab® Stim opts for simplicity over complexity, delivering a refined, scalable cognitive enhancer that—thanks to its simplicity—is easy and safe to stack with other cognitive enhancing supplements.

However, opposite to Performance Lab® Mind, Stim is not a caffeine-free brain booster.

In fact, this stim stack works incredibly well with Mind as a complementary companion to Mind’s stim-free formula by supplying a fast-acting, crash-free dose of caffeine.

Stim’s formula splits into two stack categories:

Stack 1: Performance-Tuned Stimulation

Here, you’ll find the beloved caffeine and L-theanine at the appropriate 2:1 dosage ratio: 50mg caffeine to 100mg L-theanine. This ratio is important as it maximizes the focus and energy benefits of caffeine while supplying enough relaxing L-theanine to minimize the stimulant’s jittery side effects.

Stack 2: Caffeine Balance and Recovery

Here, you’ll find L-tyrosine, supplied as the eco-friendly, vegetable-derived Ajipure®, and a NutriGenesis® B-vitamin complex, supplying vitamins B2, B6, B9, and B12. As a pro-catecholamine amino, L-tyrosine helps replenish the catecholaminergic neurotransmitters (dopamine, norepinephrine, etc.) burnt by caffeine’s stimulatory effects while the B-vitamin complex helps counteract the B-vitamin loss that typically occurs as a consequence to caffeine’s diuretic effect.

How to Take Performance Lab® Stim

The directions for Performance Lab® Stim suggest that you:

Take 1 capsule for stimulation. Taken as directed, Stim’s 50 mg caffeine serving size is effective for most. Those with greater tolerance or a higher optimal caffeine dose may take additional Stim NutriCaps® in 50 mg caffeine increments up to 250 mg (5 NutriCaps®) per day, due to the formula’s scalable design.

Who Takes Performance Lab® Stim?

Those who enjoy the familiar, feel-good rush of caffeine, yet also enjoy the good feelings of keep a cool, composed head throughout the entire day. While traditional sources of caffeine tend to leave us feeling brain-drained by the end of the day, Performance Lab® Stim gives adults a cleaner, crash-free caffeine option that’s safer and healthier than traditional stimulants.

Where to Buy Performance Lab® Stim?

To buy Performance Lab® Stim, visit here.

Performance Lab® MCT

A bottle of Performance Lab MCT

Take your brain and your brain supplements to the next level with the world’s cleanest MCT oil.

Uniquely sourced from coconuts, medium-chain triglycerides, or MCTs, are brain healthy fats that convert in the body to ketones, a brain energy alternative to glucose.

Altogether, there are four types of MCTs:

  • C6 – Caproic Acid
  • C8 – Caprylic Acid
  • C10 – Capric Acid
  • C12 – Lauric Acid

While many MCT oil supplements are comprised solely of C8, the most keto-active MCT, Performance Lab® MCT supplies C8 and C10 MCTs to deliver both C8’s keto benefits and C10’s mitochondria-protecting advantages.

To Buy, Visit: 

To see what makes these MCTs so great, let’s take a closer look at Performance Lab® MCT’s formula.

Performance Lab® MCT Formula Analysis

The Supplement Facts for Performance Lab® MCT include:

  • C8/C10 MCT Oil from 100% Organic Coconuts,2g
    • C8 – Caprylic Acid,1g
    • C10 – Capric Acid, 1g

Despite the negative connotation to the word “fat,” it’s fairly well-known now how beneficial fats, such as MCTs, are to brain health.

And, as a fat source, Performance Lab® MCT not only fuels brain energy, by converting to ketones, but also assists with the absorption of fat-soluble nootropics, such as Mind Lab Pro® phosphatidylserine.

Plus, aside from delivering the best MCTs at the preferred 60% C8 and 40% C10 ratio, Performance Lab® MCT is an incredibly clean MCT oil supplement.

To ensure that no C6, C12, or LCTs (long-chain triglycerides) sneak into the formula, Performance Lab® sources its C8 + C10 from 100% organic non-GMO coconuts with hexane-free technology and 3x distilled for purity.

The result is an MCT oil that’s not only pure but clean-tasting, as well, making this one of the best MCT supplements to add to your coffee, your soups, your salads, shakes, smoothies—or to simply take straight-up.

How to Take Performance Lab® MCT

The directions for Performance Lab® MCT suggest that you:

Take one tablespoon daily as needed for mind-body vitality. Take straight or add to coffee, shakes, smoothies, drinks, dressings and sauces. Best when used daily and consistently. For advanced usage guidelines visit www.performancelab.com/products/mct.

Who Takes Performance Lab® MCT?

Anyone may benefit by adding MCT oil to their daily stack, especially if their daily stack includes fat-soluble nootropics—and other fat-soluble health compounds. However, any adults who are practicing intermittent fasting or fasted training, or who are committed to the keto diet, may particularly benefit from Performance Lab® MCT, since MCTs work as an alternative fuel source during calorie and/or glucose restrictions.

Where to Buy Performance Lab® MCT?

To buy Performance Lab® Stim, visit here.


Mind Lab Pro® + Performance Lab® mix the most powerful nootropics with the best brain supplements for adults of all walks of life.

Because the brain is infinitely complex, there is no single approach to totally boost brain health and performance. This is why, unlike traditional supplement users, nootropic users have taken to “stacking” multiple brain health supplements, each that target a specific brain bio-pathway or bio-activity.

  • Mind Lab Pro®’s 11-ingredient Universal Nootropic™ formula covers all 6 of the brain’s key bio-pathways to unlock 100% Brainpower™.

While Mind Lab Pro® diversely stacks multiple nootropics to tackle all the key bio-pathways involved in boosting brainpower, there are additional bio-pathways taken by Performance Lab®’s supplements that may propel your brain health to the upper echelons of cognitive performance.

Mind, Stim, and MCT—this combination of brain healthy micronutrients and macronutrients takes a multi-level approach to improving adult-scale cognitive performance that pairs well with Mind Lab Pro®’s powerful brain boosts.

To get the best deal on Mind Lab Pro®, click here.

To get the best deal on Performance Lab® Mind, click here.

To get the best deal on Performance Lab® Stim, click here.

To get the best deal on Performance Lab® MCT, click here.

BONUS – Ultimate Adult Brain Health Stack

With Performance Lab® Mind + Stim + MCT, you’re certainly set as far as brain boosting goes. You have your daily nootropic stack aided by a daily source of clean, healthy MCTs paired up with an optional caffeine 2.0 pill add-on for an additional “as-needed” stim-charge.

However, if you’re looking to take your brain game even further with more lifestyle-changing supplements, there are more brain healthy formulas that stack well with these supplements. To create the Ultimate Adult Brain Health Stack, consider adding the following supplements to your daily supplement stack:

Performance Lab® Energy

A bottle of Performance Lab Energy

Advanced, stim-free, mitochondrial energy support stack for optimal cell energy and overall mind-body vitality.

Ingredients: Acetyl-L-Carnitine, Bio-Enhanced® R-Lipoic Acid, MicroActive® Q10 Coenzyme Q10, BioPQQ® (Pyrroloquinoline quinone [PQQ]), BioPerine® Black Pepper Extract (95% piperine)

  • One supplement that works particularly well with Stim is Performance Lab® Energy, a stim-free energy booster that approaches vitality via the natural, mitochondrial route. If you’re looking for a long-term, sustainable source of enhanced energy, Performance Lab® Energy’s potent mix of mitochondrial supporting antioxidants is perhaps the best place to start. Combined with Stim + MCT, Energy rounds out your brain energy stack with a formula that directly and indirectly assists with energy production at the source: the mitochondria.

To get the best deal on Performance Lab® Energy, click here.

Performance Lab® Sleep

A bottle of Performance Lab Sleep

Regenerate brain performance and energy levels with L-tryptophan, magnesium, and an all-natural melatonin extract sourced from Montmorency tart cherries.

Ingredients: Magnesium+ (as Magnesium Bisglycinate, Magnesium Taurate, NutriGenesis® Magnesium), CherryPURE® (Whole Montmorency Tart Cherry) (Prunus cerasus) (fruit) (50:1 concentrated ratio), TryptoPure® L-Tryptophan

  • When we think of boosting our daily performance, we narrowly consider daytime health and fitness supplements. However, one of the best ways to improve daily performance is to get better sleep at night. By promoting quicker, deeper sleep, Performance Lab® Sleep is one of the best brain and body supplements for adults, who tend to get suboptimal sleep as is. With all of the aforementioned supplements assisting with daytime performance enhancement, Sleep works nightly to help the brain recover from today while resting for tomorrow.

To get the best deal on Performance Lab® Sleep, click here.

Performance Lab® Whole-Food Multi

2 bottles of Performance Lab Whole-Food Multi

NutriGenesis® nature-identical vitamins and minerals that support daily vitality, whole-body performance, and overall health; no synthetic or isolated nutrient forms.

Ingredients: Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Vitamin D3, Vitamin E, Vitamin K1+K2, Vitamin B1, Vitamin B2, Vitamin B3, Vitamin B5, Vitamin B6, Vitamin B7, Vitamin B9, Vitamin B12, Calcium, Iron, Iodine, Magnesium, Zinc, Selenium, Copper, Manganese, Chromium, Molybdenum, Strontium, Inositol, Vanadium, Boron

  • Unlike many other multivitamin supplements that use synthetic, impotent, and ineffective micronutrient forms, Performance Lab® Whole-Food Multi supplies vitamins and minerals grown on cultures to replicate the structure of nutrients grown in nature. This clean, eco-friendly process is called NutriGenesis®, which uses natural cofactors such as enzymes and probiotics. By filling the nutritional gaps in the modern diet and setting a firm micronutrient foundation, Whole-Food Multi helps replenish both health and performance for active adults.

To get the best deal on Performance Lab® Whole-Food Multi, click here.


  1. Johnson SB et al. Adolescent maturity and the Brain: The Promise and Pitfalls of Neuroscience Research in Adolescent Health Policy. J Adolesc Health. 2009 Sep; 45(3): 216-221.
  2. Arain M et al. Maturation of the adolescent brain. Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat. 2013; 9: 449-461.
  3. Pallavicini F et al. Video Games for Well-Being: A Systematic Review on the Application of Computer Games for Cognitive and Emotional Training in the Adult Population. Front Psychol. 2018; 9: 2127.
  4. Christie BR et al. Exercising our brains: how physical activity impacts synaptic plasticity in the dentate gyrus. Neuromolecular Med. 2008; 10(2): 47-58.
  5. Mander BA et al. Sleep and Human Aging. Neuron. 2017 Apr 5; 94(1): 19-36.
  6. Scullin MK, Bliwise DL. Sleep, Cognition, and Normal Aging: Integrating a Half-Century of Multidisciplinary Research. Perspect Psychol Sci. 2015 Jan; 10(1): 97-137.
  7. Radley J et al. Chronic stress and brain plasticity: mechanisms underlying adaptive and maladaptive changes and implications for stress-related CNS disorders. Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 2015 Nov; 58: 79-91.
  8. Fioravanti M, Buckley AE. Citicoline (Cognizing) in the treatment of cognitive impairment. Clin Interv Aging. 2006 Sep; 1(3): 247-251.
  9. Kingsley M. Effects of phosphatidylserine supplementation on exercising humans. Sports Med. 2006; 36(8): 657-69.
  10. Thomas JR et al. Tyrosine improves working memory in a multitasking environment. Pharmacol biochem Behav. 1999 Nov; 64(3): 495-500.

These statements have not been approved by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.

This article is an opinion and explanation of current research given by the author. It is not an expression of a medical diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on as such.

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